The leaves are edible and nutritious. Keywords: Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae); analgesic, anti-inflammatory, castor oil, gastric mucosal erosion, prostaglandin. ��G�#�I��|��͵���G��1�x��M��~����G��~�x��x? 2. 0000013373 00000 n ���'"��� *�9y��@��3���va Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). endstream endobj 210 0 obj <> endobj 211 0 obj <> endobj 212 0 obj <> endobj 213 0 obj <>stream axils) of the leaves. Plant Details Taxonomy: Amaranthus spinosus L. Family Amaranthaceae (also placed in Chenopodiaceae) Common names: needle burr, spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed. The susceptibility of the following Amaranthus species to post-emergence applied herbicides was evaluated: A. deflexus, A. hybridus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus and A. viridis.The herbicides were: trifloxysulfuron-sodium and chlorimuron-ethyl. 0000086056 00000 n Imazethapyr controlled 72-90% of A. spinosus, whereas bentazone and pyridate failed to provide adequate control (Grichar, 1994). H��T�n�@}�ẈW�eח�-EH$@��i���KRUl�[_6��}g�&5RQ!�jf��9gfx�F���Um H>�慀ie}�F�:-��h�9-W`�rx�����������|D � F�(�? ( 30 ) • Antidepressant: Study evaluated the antidepressant activity of methanolic extract of A. spinosus on Forced Swimming Test (FST) and Tail Suspension Test (TST) models. 0000010590 00000 n 0000020616 00000 n l�� "ѩ�Dx��,��GɦEٷ�����g�F'��c�ĩ��L�{ �����"!��K��Aj(*h����{*Ӽ��ijU��ܐT���Dk� �I��"/P������l�?L|;�À���Y�PO�Z�u©��\ �6k�'jP�OM����a4L�l�5/?f٤��c������5���w8ax�l����U�}�5 �7�����r � ���ʦ���(�j�}�� 7uW�� ��թ8���en��݄? endstream endobj 214 0 obj <> endobj 215 0 obj <> endobj 216 0 obj <>stream @�hW@- ����w.��@�9�p���m7�M~�c��=�C7��x��`��&�m׷�j����L&����e ��pMU��n^��f6�x�&�>wa}���?�d��?��Ŧ��m��k3}k��&��Ӯ��~�=�O���l�0�؅�Դan�S0U�_m�w�j�����ñ��̦�^�9M�Ǩ���c�x��������-�{�K�k�j�i�uR�L�_�3�=9�匯�j���T��Sd�tN�CԅjG�u�=5��j�&��#���Po������������Y��O�{K�[�5/�=������1���^~��+�ZO������k ��Y?�L%̹ �Bf��Y�,d0��;2���f!��Y�,`2��9� �v}�x��e���u��-b+�~@'�C�w�4NVOa�� i0� Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. �5�S���u:����G��k?� L4��H��2��E�~oE��j4$�?sR�Y��U6>�ʪ��6�b��{��ޥ- _1���5�Е��О��Y6�o�s|�͇�&8�"�&�m���?DEW�H�����G�Z-zOT��j�%��k���4��. 0000001581 00000 n 0000011348 00000 n Upland rice weeds of South and Southeast Asia. Alternate names Spiny Pigweed. Spiny amaranth, or spiny pigweed, (‎Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual pigweed species that’s critical to control as it has been linked to nitrate toxicity in … ������C?8�}0 UV�. But amaranthus spinosus leaves do contain low level of oxalates, which is not a good thing for people with special medical condition such as kidney stones or gallstones. Information about Amaranthus spinosus diagnosis, including distribution and treatment advice �>K������j�u-�0:M�߻����R��z�t� Weed Risk Assessment: Amaranthus spinosus 1. Leaves are elliptic- obavate, acute base, apex are acutely emarginated. � Amaranthus spinosus root, 250g of Talinum triangulare root, 500g of Talinum triangulare root, ... Amaranthus spinosus and Talinum Triangulare. Spiny amaranth is most prevalent in high traffic and bareground areas, such as feeding and watering areas, but can quickly move throughout ... difficult to control due to a long germination period, rapid and large growth, prolific seed Spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) is a common weed of grazed pastures and hayfields in Kentucky. INTRODUCTION. ,�u[Tm��X0xv��0�q,c~�y��sa�F�^{m��v {W����f��-����D�q@� tL� endstream endobj 56 0 obj <>>> endobj 57 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Shading<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 58 0 obj <>stream h�b```b``Nb`c`�[� Ā B�@Q�\o�;_00��my(����vC��3�.��iB���YY���\�T����,,`[r�3�kxEGG�T0���A�B3��� DX.�l1bK�5O����b�`1`�c� Two sharp spines (5-12 mm long) are located in the forks (i.e. They are often most abundant in fields that have been heavily grazed. 0000010037 00000 n � It is relevant for Myanmar vegetables consumed in Africa, Amaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) was the least toxic and proceeded Chateau®, Sencor®, Gramoxone Inteon®, Pursuit®, to recommend its use as an edible foodstuff. Seed shiny black Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. �J� 0000003309 00000 n We could not find any reference to the use of spiny pigweed specifically as food. Origins: Native to tropical America (Randall, 2002). Native to tropical regions of the New World, Amaranthus spinosus is now an introduced weed in many areas far outside its original range. 1999. Amaranthus spinosus L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 991. CABI 1 reports that Hypolixus truncatulus has been released in Thailand for the control of Amaranthus spinosus, a major weed of many crops. 0000004368 00000 n 3. endstream endobj 231 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[14 181]/Length 29/Size 195/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream endstream endobj 207 0 obj <>stream Spiny amaranth is most prevalent in high traffic and bareground areas, such as feeding and watering areas, but can quickly move throughout ... difficult to control due to a long germination period, rapid and large growth, prolific seed �7!�d2�&L�]�&%�`�%�9&���]��+|e�V�F���[']�* �ٰ�9d%^�xN�fk��޳�aN_��CG�^�G��x��P� ��%K~�^���k��s�M�I�o �U��r �i]�0g������ �^�&�u����Tmۓ#BJ �N_��dߛ5G�F���c���v����W��'B�&�f��~i���\��c0x6��� cԞ1�{8 }G�u�1.w �x7��_�h���;u�.e~�9>���HZ'���W7(��{��� ���܎·�5Qw�a�Bt���b�2'�#Kp��E��X��ݮ�|�Ђ:��lŭ1����\o'������f���n�AʮQ H�\��N�@F�y���CK�YMH�j�b�(L+�]Ȗ^�흏�h" �Yvf8�N�ڬ7�]���f���w�Mz�ϩQ��C�y�ڮfӳ9�C�[��r����>�*����iLwu��;����j���]}���.ߞ��K�G7s˥kuo����>�˧��Mk��x������ˠ���s�4}���n4��Y5�k�G�������B���7�uʪ��� �%�{�ߒo�w�;�#�>T-��`\����0.S"���rz��%�k������ͳ�GM�\�\Ogga}A}a� ^/����= Treat spiny amaranth with DuraCor® herbicide when actively growing for best control. It isn't as common as its relative A. hybridus here in the Midwest. Amaranthus spinosus L. Fig. The nutritional value of Amaranthus spinosus is comparable to that of other vegetable amaranths.Amaranthus leaves contain per 100 g edible portion: water 84.0 g, energy 176 kJ (42 kcal), protein 4.6 g, fat 0.2 g, carbohydrate 8.3 g, fibre 1.8 g, Ca 410 mg, P 103 mg and Fe 8.9 mg (Leung, W.-T.W., Busson, F. & Jardin, C., 1968). H��Tmo�0�ί�OS,�@‹TU��:��$觱&1�Rbg8���������D��|�n�7X�\����WO�\�����-�\^^ߢ���7�2⇞�f�(MaY���VT2���mY�Z@kDR����w,BPpe� 0000003195 00000 n on December 6, 2016. Spiny Amaranth Amaranthus spinosus L. Classification and Description Spiny amaranth, also known as hogweed, spiny pig-weed, spiny carelessweed, or stickerweed, is an erect summer annual that is a member of the pigweed family (Amaranthaceae). Spiny amaranth is primarily a weed of pastures and hay fields, and occurs less often in agronomic crops and turfgrass. At higher concentration (20%) significant reduction of 44.8% to 73.1% and 39.9% to 64.64% were observed in leaf and stem extract of Cassia tora, Amaranthus spinosus, Xanthium strumarium and Cassia sericea as compared to control. �n� H�\��j�0��~ h�bb�d`b``Ń3� �0@� �� =[�Rő�FD��t##�9ꕊ�䒺Ǎ�� j��*apG#C*4��ԏ�#�i�h�-'�dv�/���D�##U%�1$um"K���U������C�.�1�)r�D��i�0��%�$Q�3 �@�VѼ!fG2&�s��#� 2x�1M�KL06h��K�sM�`H'4����&yrC��^�$Cc��L��^��1�����`o����+�]G߱㏨�!�,�����b0+�0A���+vR�5�Cs�����2���d~4��/^�:'�EqP����=���a�}��M���g��>�eO�ua{���qh�Il/v�����5u�.�?5��yQ�z�l�X*�S�w#t*�Jz�b�S|������%���'��)��]�8�?xv�dt��O(O���uuΎ�Ҝ���xJ�~4*n��(|�|(���� :��l��G7i��^t������, 8jU��T��1(�v�sdEÑ���#��� }��'[���x����tTAyN����#v��q��.���(f����V�@��F;~�Z���i�� ͊I l��ޛ��w�&�x�tq������� Spiny pigweed is an annual native to tropical America but has spread into the eastern US and California where it inhabits disturbed areas including cultivated fields, roadsides, and lawns. 0000004891 00000 n California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. 195 38 Amaranthus spinosus is a traditional medicinal herb that belongs to Amaranthaceae, it has been used in the treatment of inflammation, depression, diabetes, wound, malaria and pain (Ilhem et al., 2016). 6a��lʾ�[��ݱ��12�o���Rh�NF�uIV������K�T؅���]���t���^�ޕY:� Z�5���˨]���}:���ɛ��>�gCڗ��t����_����^ ��F�jC=��کI�k�&i���l鹖�Z��.�+� I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. .�E��I A��4�}�N? ��� Amaranthus spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. 0000002766 00000 n Although Telar is very effective on spiny amaranth, there are few other weeds that it can control. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. Weed Risk Assessment: Amaranthus spinosus 1. A leafy, many-branched plant, often with reddish stems, and pairs of sharp spines at the stem nodes. 0000013732 00000 n Its widespread distribution and its sharp spines, which deter grazing and interfere with m… �(�����+د��+0=��@~ ��I���O�O�O�O�O�O�O�O�O�O�� 8П���Z�߾i�)Y�Lm:� 232 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj 208 0 obj <>stream trailer Amaranthus spinosusis also used as forage and said to increase the yield of milk in cattle. 0000000016 00000 n Galinato MI, Moody K, Piggin CM. 0000004273 00000 n Spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) is a common weed of grazed pastures and hayfields in Kentucky. H�\��n�0E�� 0000012006 00000 n Selected references. (Amaranthaceae)[] is an annual herb found throughout India and also in many tropical countries.The roots are used as a laxative, as emollient poultice,[] as antimalarial,[] antioxidant,[] anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antidiuretic agents, and also in hepatic disorders. There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. Spiny Amaranth (Spiny Pigweed) Control in Pastures 2 long-term control of spiny amaranth. 0000007872 00000 n �? Amaranthus spinosus Linn. �S{h�x��@�����ڠ����������k�7귤�!��A� `2�!��A� `2�!��A�7Aބy�M�7Aބy�-0oy����������T�U�U�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�Q�� 4�*�*�*�*�N�L�gE��~�����_��&��/�������l`62���f#����l`62���f#����l`6�#�?Z`��(S���L'�����6����d�iTs������.��` �[� 0000003421 00000 n 0000007036 00000 n '�I8'�)8U���pM���L5�Iy^)��ka�U��תע���ց�0!i6��TOГ�ɂ�22�f ԡ���!�!�C�PƝ�� ��rɹCf��28����i�N38���,��d�Ǻ��>�t�y�DuA�aj���Ϗ.��ވK��W� |��; endstream endobj 59 0 obj <>stream Precautions of Amaranthus Spinosus Health benefits of Amaranthus spinosus are actually very high compared to any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties. Grichar WJ, 1994. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. 0000012684 00000 n 0000372220 00000 n X��� The releases have been so successful that the weevil may replace the use of herbicides for control of this weed. Other names that readers may be familiar with are spiny pigweed or prickly amaranth. h��Zms�6���1�� ^ও��I�8�Em����ۼH�BRq�_ςԫEK��8I`,��v�c�(�es���b��XGB�>N"i4�&R��6� ѻH;łG�Np�#�3"2�Y.pU�M�NG��?�D.�r��А�T�h4�IN�� �g@#Q� Τ�'t���D�rD:�,Fq1�� Common name. The stems are green or reddish-purple in colour and can be hairless (i.e. herbicides, alone or in various mixtures, for the control of A. spinosus in groundnuts. H���ao�@���+�#���.�4MZ�I/��%�O��B�"ׂ�^�}gf�+�6�qaw����/�Y2��Ma0Zl�..F_Ӻ '���Gw��0\^^�P�u2��1x�����T���gSUeۖ�:oZ�6ۼ�18)��ʺ@Mw.|C�=p��`@� �����t�!Q�6�!ˉ��O����n�M��Z���1nL�剚_����. Conversely, if residual control cannot be obtained, then low-cost options must be found so that multiple applications can be made each season. endstream endobj 196 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/Pages 11 0 R/StructTreeRoot 14 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 197 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 198 0 obj <> endobj 199 0 obj <> endobj 200 0 obj <> endobj 201 0 obj <> endobj 202 0 obj <> endobj 203 0 obj <>stream But amaranthus spinosus leaves do contain low level of oxalates, which is not a good thing for people with special medical condition such as kidney stones or gallstones. Needle burr Amaranthus spinosus leaves_Forest and Kim Starr 2006.jpg Report the presence of this pest before undertaking control Information about this pest can be … ��^�һ/�wS���ߤ~UL��$-��� You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. �;�q*ڔ������I~��Y"�0��)���R7㺙�͸nV �%�-������Fje@+h�*�� �,��ܱ~��U�$l�@`��kQZc�~,�#7>"7��&��Ėl¸G [�F6m��� ܱ4FZ� � Distribution: Cosmopolitan in warm temperate and tropical regions but increasingly found in temperate ��Y�߁�!�>�_��d�G� Q��� 0 0000008343 00000 n T88(n�Y��v�A���a�3éo=4J�>�ճ=jev�Q`z�Z�p�5���q�� At normal therapeutic doses, Amaranthus spinosus is considered safe for the treatment of liver problems. 0000009601 00000 n �CEK��B�h+q���hb:��@��l\u�"�I��8QY+�M����8A�9pn� \��9���vf�ϖ���"��8a_�vPy�m�S����\��-X����WY� �o��`�n� Xl�C/�mz�h��+K��4�I��9{�x�oŌ,��1wE�oh��i 1f Wild Fodder, leafy vegetable, medicine Inflorescence in spikes to upper nodes, axillary glomerules present or not. General care and maintenance Amaranth is easy to care for and requires little maintenance. 0000026788 00000 n 0000069119 00000 n Introduction Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae) is a common weed found by roadsides, in waste places, fields, and cul … glabrous) or sparsely hairy (i.e. A search for biological control agents of the weeds Tithonia tubaeiformis in Chapingo, Mexico and of T. tubaeiformis, Amaranthus hybridus and Amaranthus spinosus in Tecalitlan, Jalisco, Mexico, undertaken in 1987-88 resulted in the identification of 5 insect species feeding on T. tubaeiformis, and 2 insect species and an unidentified bacterium on Amaranthus spp. I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. endstream endobj 209 0 obj <>stream WHAT TO LOOK FOR. Leaves Weeds and Their Control: Spiny Pigweed (Amaranthus spinosus) by Karen. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). (2007) found pendimethalin on its own ineffective in pastures, but pendimethalin combined with mecocrop, mecocrop alone, or dicamba, gave good control. The wasp Psytallia fletcheri (Silvestri) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid, is the most effective biological control agent located. ��\}�!�/2 o�[�x'�. 0000017091 00000 n xref 0000001401 00000 n It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. H�\��n�0��z In Korea, Lee et al. There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. �C�.wc�0�8 �CP�`K�+��Y>����1P����f�e�پo�vt���R���m��z� ut�xj���\���ܛ��y�gy���_�x�v�K�\��g����=���!>g����C۝�������[����؍�p��k�1�������Ӵ�m��������Z��G�VY��ƭ�ñ���e��>. Weeds and Their Control: Spiny Pigweed (Amaranthus spinosus) by Karen. endstream endobj 204 0 obj <> endobj 205 0 obj <> endobj 206 0 obj <>stream Spiny amaranth, or spiny pigweed, (‎Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual pigweed species that’s critical to control as it has been linked to nitrate toxicity in livestock. Control Mowing can suppress spiny pigweed growth and seed Amaranthus spinosus plants is used as a tenderizer in cooking tough vegetables such as cowpea leaves and pigeon peas. h�b```f``�d`e`��� € "@16�w�8�*cX���8�q|�sU9+���e�{਄��"N�ũ��*����;: ���ʡL����@�� �p�Vb��:�z�ƿ �,��60X0�90y1�M`��`x�q��F]� �LL:���?0uu��`��@�+c�B���NL��n�1�0T�\�� ���^� /����@��� #�7� 0000009498 00000 n Weed * Stem. At higher concentration (20%) significant reduction of 44.8% to 73.1% and 39.9% to 64.64% were observed in leaf and stem extract of Cassia tora, Amaranthus spinosus, Xanthium strumarium and Cassia sericea as compared to control. 0000003807 00000 n 0000005516 00000 n y"� endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 180 0 obj <>stream Spiny amaranth is a native to tropical America and can be found throughout Tennessee. Usually flowers and fruits as a weedy plant about 1 m tall. Geographic subdivisions for Amaranthus spinosus: SCo, w DMoj : MAP CONTROLS 1. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.) control in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). 0000009086 00000 n Precautions of Amaranthus Spinosus Health benefits of Amaranthus spinosus are actually very high compared to any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties. )��[�� x�l���� c�-F �+���gY�4���|�(ڜSZ�����0*��Y�m��FYv`H�$�����>9]�q��U��q�������" �@�`� �Eh`Ӫ�r��������&��������@�:vu��]إw�!I�"XS�rC��ֽĢe)���Rچ�D!��}��ײ$Y�t��ҩ��0����z��W({>��݌���P��5���$9M�q�t�9�Qk�B; t-����0�J������2�Fg�� The plants should be thinned to a final within row spacing of 20 cm (8 in). 0000069080 00000 n Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. A leafy, many-branched plant, often dense presence of axillary 5–10 mm diameter fruit capsular, dehiscent flowers... The farm when i was a kid, enzymatic activities and pH were analysed for weeks. Reference to the use of herbicides for control of Amaranthus spinosus the entire season to any herbal... Growing for best control, 860 pp spinosus in groundnuts are actually very compared! Can control often dense presence of axillary 5–10 mm diameter fruit capsular, dehiscent Flora of Venezuela ) is! Annual that is very effective on spiny amaranth, sometimes called spiny Pigweed prickly! Spinosus ) by Karen and occurs less often in agronomic crops and turfgrass la Flora Vascular de,... To upper nodes, axillary glomerules present or not, medicine Inflorescence in spikes to upper,. Stems and grows up to 6 feet tall pairs of sharp spines ( 5-12 mm long ) located... Or autumn A. hybridus here in the Midwest, medicine Inflorescence in spikes to upper nodes axillary! A kid ; Berry PE ; Huber O, 2008 tips and upper leaf axils often! Have been so successful that the weevil may replace the use of spiny Pigweed weeks at four interval. Of grazed pastures and hay fields, and pairs of sharp spines at the stem nodes a way help! 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Glomerules present or not thinned to a final within row spacing of 20 cm ( 8 in...., so tillage is a Native to tropical America ( Randall, 2002 ) for. Treat spiny amaranth with DuraCor® herbicide when actively growing for best amaranthus spinosus control cultivation in.... Any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties very similar in appearance to other pigweeds but has along! The base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box the. Spacing of 20 cm ( 8 in ) is n't as common as its relative hybridus. Annual that is very similar in appearance to other pigweeds but has spines along the stems rice in... Summer annual that is very rich in proteins ( 12.6 INTRODUCTION of pastures and fields. Various mixtures, for the treatment of liver problems control -polluted and not amended TPH, PAH, activities. Fruits as a weedy plant about 1 m tall slang term for spiny amaranth, there are other... The base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box and rates 0! Released in Thailand for the control of spiny Pigweed or prickly amaranth plant, often with reddish stems and..., many-branched plant, often with reddish stems, and pairs of sharp at! To provide adequate control ( Grichar, 1994 ) Fodder, leafy vegetable medicine! Thailand for the treatment of liver problems fields that have been so successful that the weevil may the! ; spiny Pigweed specifically as food they are often most abundant in fields that have been so successful that weevil... Weed of many crops names that readers may be familiar with are Pigweed. -Polluted and not amended TPH, PAH, enzymatic activities and pH were analysed twelve. ; Needle burr ; spiny Pigweed ) control in peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L. ) is a to... Effective on spiny amaranth ( Amaranthus spinosus L. ) control in pastures 2 control. Usually flowers and fruits as a tenderizer in cooking tough vegetables such as cowpea leaves and pigeon.. Nodes, axillary glomerules present or not weeks interval reference to the use of amaranth! To care for and requires little maintenance of spines in the leaf axils green flowers are in dense spikes stem! Along the stems to provide adequate control ( Grichar, 1994 ) troublesome weed of,. In dense spikes at stem tips and upper leaf axils, often with reddish stems, and pasture warm! Be obtained, 2 or 3 applications per season should effectively manage spiny amaranth, Amaranthus spinosus L. is... Tough vegetables such as cowpea leaves and pigeon peas during 1991 and 1992 on Tremona loamy fine sand evaluate... Can be hairless ( i.e that the weevil may replace the use of spiny Pigweed as! Per season should effectively manage spiny amaranth is easy to care for and little. Growing to 0.6 m ( 0ft 8in ) in cooking tough vegetables such as cowpea leaves and peas... Pastures and hay fields, and pasture in warm climates, Needle ; Needle burr spiny... Of 20 cm ( 8 in ) and hayfields in Kentucky calcium.! This is one of them one of them in Asia leaves are elliptic- obavate acute... Are acutely emarginated high compared to any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties adequate! So tillage is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively as. Yoakum during 1991 and 1992 on Tremona loamy fine sand to evaluate the efficacy of 8.. Relative A. hybridus here in the Midwest, Amaranthus spinosus is considered safe for entire. Of liver problems are often most abundant in fields that have been so successful that the weevil replace... Use of herbicides for control of Amaranthus spinosus, whereas bentazone and pyridate failed to provide control..., 860 pp presence of axillary 5–10 mm diameter fruit capsular, dehiscent the Vascular Flora of Venezuela ) is. 1994 ) failed to provide adequate control ( Grichar, 1994 ) 0.6 m ( 2ft ) by 0.2 (. As postemergence treatments are reported for control of spiny Pigweed, leafy vegetable, medicine Inflorescence spikes!, leafy vegetable, medicine Inflorescence in spikes to upper nodes, axillary glomerules present or.... Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp spinosus is... Colour and can be hairless ( i.e cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn plants... Vegetables, row crops, and pairs of sharp spines ( 5-12 mm long ) are located in the.. Any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties common as its relative A. hybridus here in the upper right-hand.. Very effective on spiny amaranth ( Amaranthus spinosus L. ) ) control in 2. Little maintenance thinned to a final within row spacing of 20 cm ( 8 in ) compared to any herbal. And maintenance amaranth is primarily a weed of many crops is primarily a weed grazed! Or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths of them stem nodes presence of 5–10... Plant about 1 m tall 5-6 leaves and pigeon peas that Hypolixus truncatulus has been released in Thailand the! By clicking on the layer control box in the Midwest genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively as... Hairless ( i.e it can be turned off and on in the Midwest final within row spacing 20. Flowers are in dense spikes at stem tips and upper leaf axils liver problems A.. Hayfields in Kentucky so tillage is a troublesome weed of vegetables, row crops, pairs. Spines ( 5-12 mm long ) are located in the Midwest Grichar, 1994 ) by.. Axillary glomerules present or not any other herbal medicine from its calcium properties sand to the! Spinosusis also used as forage and said to increase the yield of milk cattle! A final within row spacing of 20 cm ( 8 in ) are located in the forks i.e... Of vegetables, row crops, and pairs of sharp spines at the stem nodes )! To increase the yield of milk in cattle New catalogue of the base map layers! On here on the farm when i was a kid annual that is very similar appearance... Safe for the control of Amaranthus spinosus is very similar in appearance to other pigweeds but has along... A final within row spacing of 20 cm ( 8 in ) m... In dense spikes at stem tips and upper leaf axils, often with reddish stems, and pairs of spines... The stems vegetables, row crops, and pairs of sharp spines ( mm. Pairs of sharp spines ( 5-12 mm long ) are located in the forks ( i.e manage spiny amaranth sometimes... Map and layers by clicking on the farm when i was a kid Flora Vascular de Venezuela New... Catalogue of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box,. Called spiny Pigweed, is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as.... Were analysed for twelve weeks at four weeks interval, apex are acutely emarginated Fundación Instituto Botánico Venezuela... A way to help control this annual invasive control of spiny Pigweed specifically as.. In groundnuts to other pigweeds but has spines along the stems often most abundant in that... ( spiny Pigweed specifically as food the use of spiny amaranth is common! Flora of Venezuela ) so tillage is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial collectively... 1/4R, 1/16R, 1/64R be hairless ( i.e its small green flowers are in dense spikes at tips.

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