What is it? Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein in the leg or arm. This NCLEX practice test has 75 questions covering all 8 content categories. Anyone can develop a deep vein thrombosis, especially if these risk factors are present. It’s a type of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is a blood clot that starts in the vein. Take this quiz with these sample exam questions on peripheral vascular disease to see how you score! If the aPTT is too low, blood clots can form.  If the aPTT is too high, bleeding can occur. The venous system is responsible for taking deoxygenated blood BACK to the heart. Scroll down to see your results.). NCLEX Review Questions Chapter 37 From Evolve Resources III. Damage to this layer can be from a direct or indirect cause, but regardless it stimulates platelets and the coagulation process. Sequential Easy First Hard First. We strive for 100% accuracy, but nursing procedures and state laws are constantly changing. A client with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has an order for enoxaparin (Lovenox). C. A 25-year-old male who uses intravenous drugs. According to Virchow’s Triad, a blood clot can form within the vein for several reasons. There are two types of veins in the leg: superficial veins which lie just below the skin and can be seen on the surface, and deep veins which lie deep within the leg muscles. Registered Nurse, Free Care Plans, Free NCLEX Review, Nurse Salary, and much more. Test. 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This quiz will test your knowledge on DVT (deep vein thrombosis) in preparation for the NCLEX exam. "The calf is touched for temperature and firmness, and observed for redness," says Curran Krupar , RN, ED nurse at EMH Medical Center in Elyria, OH. 7. NOTE: This list is not a complete list. Select all the factors regarding a deep vein thrombosis that are included in Virchow’s Triad: The answers are C, D, and E. Virchow’s Triad details the THREE factors (hence why it called a triad) for blood clot formation within the vessel. 5. The answers are A and D. Warfarin (Coumadin) does NOT dissolve blood clots. … (ex: up to 4.5). Regardless of the factor(s) contributing to the blood clot, as identified by Virchow’s Triad, platelets are involved. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling, but also can occur with no symptoms.Deep vein thrombosis can develop if you have certain medical conditions that affect how your blood clots. Which option below is considered a positive Homan’s Sign for the assessment of a deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? Question: I. The platelets start to collect at the edges of the vessel, usually within the cusps of the vein’s valve. Enter your email address below and hit "Submit" to receive free email updates and nursing tips. Don’t forget to check out the other NCLEX review quizzes in this series and to watch the lecture on deep vein thrombosis before taking the quiz. So this means a clot has formed and has started to break down. In order for this medication to have a therapeutic effect on the patient, the aPTT should be? Some labs have a cutoff <250 ng/mL (D-DU). The patient is prescribed continuous IV Heparin. Which statement below is incorrect about a deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? Patients who use IV drugs damage the endothelial lining of the veins and this can lead to blood clot formation. DVT (deep vein thrombosis) NCLEX questions for nursing students! Endothelial damage to the vein: This endothelial is a layer of cells that lines the inside of the vein. This is a quizz on general knowledge of risks, treatment and preventative measure of Venous Thromboembolism ... From which vein is a DVT considered to be proximal? All Rights Reserved. 13. In this 20-item NCLEX style exam, you knowledge about the different Peripheral Vascular Diseases will be challenged. Patients on bed rest are at risk of developing a DVT, or Deep Vein Thrombosis. Remember “SHE”: Stasis of Venous Blood, Hypercoagulability (means excessive coagulability), Endothelial damage. Blood cannot just hang out and become static within a vessel. Peroneal and posterior tibial in the calves (found in the lower leg), Popliteal and superficial femoral (found in the thighs), Traveling for long hours without moving extremities, Heart failure (left ventricular dysfunction), IV drug usage ( also venipuncture…drawing blood from a vein), Indwelling devices (central line catheter, IV line, or heart valves etc. The answer is FALSE. By accessing any content on this site or its related media channels, you agree never to hold us liable for damages, harm, loss, or misinformation. To answer that question, we must review Virchow’s Triad. Practice Mode – Questions and choices are randomly arranged, the answer is revealed instantly after each question, and there is no time limit for the exam. Make sure the patient is wearing them while sitting or in bed. Learn. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Also, a normal d-dimer is <500 ng/mL (FEU). Teach patient to perform exercises by flexing and extending feet and legs every hour while awake. Compression stockings per MD order: provides a specific amount of compression to help decrease risk of blood clot development. Nursing Exam Cram Sheet for NCLEX-RN – This downloadable guide contains condensed facts about … A 55-year-old male with hyperlipidemia and diabetes. D. Hold the infusion for 1 hour and decrease the rate per protocol because the aPTT is too high. Take them off when the patient is walking. The therapeutic INR range is 2-3. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) NCLEX review for nursing students!. A deep vein thrombosis is a type of venous thromboembolism (VTE). No change is needed based on this aPTT be needed in Preparation for the latest updates in nursing with... Legs and inflate and deflate to help move blood flow ( similar to walking ) Vascular … a nurse preparing. Syndrome on infection control procedures this website provides entertainment value only, NOT advice! 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